In Islam, the state is a unity and there is no distinction or dualism of the masjid and the state. During the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) and his four rightly guided successors, the church/masjid and the state were not separate entities with separate authorities. Masjid had a multi-faceted role including an office of the head of the state, a place of meetings of the cabinet/council as well as meetings with foreign delegates, and a community centre. There is no priesthood in Islam and no so-called religious authority separate from the state authorities. The distinction or separation of the state and the church/masjid was made during the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties who ruled after the first four successors of the Prophet (s.a.w.). The head of the Islamic state is neither a high priest nor an infallible representative of God. Even the Prophet (s.a.w.) himself said that ‘I am a man like you’, and that ‘even if I disobey the Almighty, I fear the penalty of the Mighty day’, and that ‘I am the first one to submit to the will of the Almighty’. In the Islamic State, the ruler and all those in authority are subject to same laws as everybody else.