The Quranic Teachings - Simple and Straightforward!

Teachings of the Quran explained in simple and concise manner.

Understanding the Term ‘Islam’

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ROOT OF THE WORD
The root of the word Islam (اِسلام) is : S-L-M (س ل م).
The triliteral root sīn lām mīm (س ل م) of the word Islam occurs 140 times in the Quran, in 16 derived forms:
• six times as the form II verb sallama (سَلَّمَ)
• 22 times as the form IV verb aslama (أَسْلَمَ)
• 42 times as the nominal salām (سَلَٰم)
• twice as the noun sullam (سُلَّم)
• five times as the noun salam (سَلَم)
• once as the proper noun sil’m (سِّلْم)
• twice as the noun salm (سَّلْم)
• twice as the noun salīm (سَلِيم)
• once as the active participle sālimūn (سَٰلِمُون)
• three times as the form II verbal noun taslīm (تَسْلِيم)
• three times as the form II passive participle musallamat (مُّسَلَّمَة)
• eight times as the form IV verbal noun is’lām (إِسْلَٰم)
• 39 times as the form IV active participle mus’lim (مُسْلِم)
• twice as the form IV active participle mus’limāt (مُسْلِمَٰت)
• once as the form IV active participle mus’limat (مُّسْلِمَة)
• once as the form X active participle mus’taslimūn (مُسْتَسْلِمُون)
Different meanings and usage of different verb forms and nouns derived from the root (س ل م) are given as follows:

VERB FORM I: SALIMA
salima (سَلِمَ) {Related Verbal Nouns: salāama (سلامۃ); salāam (سلام)}, means:
• To be safe and sound, unharmed, unimpaired, intact, safe, secure; To be or remain healthy, or in sound condition; To be well;
o To be free (مِن from ، بلا ء، آفت) (evil or affliction of any kind);
• To be unobjectionable, blameless, faultless;
o To be free ( مِن from عیب) (fault, defect, imperfection, blemish, or vice of any kind);
• To be certain, established, clearly proven (fact);
• To escape (مِن from) (a danger);

THE VERBAL NOUN ‘SALĀAM’
The verbal Noun salāam (سلام) has the following meanings:
• Soundness, unimpairedness, intactness, well-being;
• Peace, peacefulness, safety, security;
• Greeting, salutation, wishing and intending well-being and safety of others.

The verbal Noun salāama (سلامۃ) has the following meanings:
• Blamelessness, flawlessness;
• Unimpaired state, soundness, integrity, intactness; Well-being, welfare;
• Safety, security;
• Smooth progress;
• Success.

Amn (امن) is absence of fear (خوف), whereas salāama (سلامۃ) is the absence of any evil, affliction, unsoundness (آفت، بلاء), defect or imperfection (عیب).

وَاللَّـهُ يَدْعُو إِلَىٰ دَارِ السَّلَامِ

“And Allah invites to the Abode of security/well-being…”
[Al-Quran Surah 10: Verse 25]

قَدْ جَاءَكُم مِّنَ اللَّـهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُّبِينٌ ﴿١٥﴾يَهْدِي بِهِ اللَّـهُ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ رِضْوَانَهُ سُبُلَ السَّلَامِ وَيُخْرِجُهُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَيَهْدِيهِمْ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

…”There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear Book. By which Allah guides those who pursue His pleasure to the ways of security/well-being and brings them out from darknesses into the light, by His permission, and guides them to a straight path.”
[Al-Quran Surah 5: Verse 15-16]

وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَىٰ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ الْهُدَىٰ

“And peace/security/well-being will be upon he who follows the guidance.”
[Al-Quran Surah 20: Verse 47]

وَهَـٰذَا صِرَاطُ رَبِّكَ مُسْتَقِيمًا ۗ قَدْ فَصَّلْنَا الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَذَّكَّرُونَ ﴿١٢٦﴾ لَهُمْ دَارُ السَّلَامِ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ ۖ وَهُوَ وَلِيُّهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

And this is the path of your Lord, [leading] straight. We have detailed the verses for a people who remember. For them will be the Abode of security/well-being with their Lord. And He will be their protecting friend because of what they used to do.
[Al-Quran Surah 6: Verse 126-127]

وَإِذَا جَاءَكَ الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِآيَاتِنَا فَقُلْ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ

“And when those come to you who believe in Our verses, say, ‘salāmun alaikum’…”
[Al-Quran Surah 6: Verse 54]

وَلَا تَقُولُوا لِمَنْ أَلْقَىٰ إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَامَ لَسْتَ مُؤْمِنًا

“and do not say to one who gives you [a greeting of] as-salām, ‘You are not a believer’…”
[Al-Quran Surah 4: Verse 94]

وَإِذَا سَمِعُوا اللَّغْوَ أَعْرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَقَالُوا لَنَا أَعْمَالُنَا وَلَكُمْ أَعْمَالُكُمْ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ لَا نَبْتَغِي الْجَاهِلِينَ

And when they hear vain talk, they turn away from it and say, “we are responsible for our deeds and you are responsible for yours. Peace/security/well-being will be upon you; we do not seek to indulge with the ignorant.”
[Al-Quran Surah 28: Verse 55]

Assalam (السَّلَامُ), as an adjective, is an attribute of Allah, meaning: the One Who not only Himself is free from any evil, affliction or imperfection but also is the Giver of freedom from evils, afflictions, unsoundness or imperfections to those who live according to His Guidance.


هُوَ اللَّـهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّـهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

[Al-Quran Surah 59: Verse 23]

THE WORD ‘SALEEM’

The word saleem (سلیم), as an attribute of man or mind/heart, means: sound and well; safe, secure, free from any evil, affliction, corruptness, unsoundness, fault or imperfection.


يَوْمَ لَا يَنفَعُ مَالٌ وَلَا بَنُونَ ﴿٨٨﴾ إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّـهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ

“The Day when there will not benefit [anyone] wealth or children. But only one who comes to Allah with a sound heart/uncorrupt mind.”
[Al-Quran Surah 26: Verse 87-88]

وَإِنَّ مِن شِيعَتِهِ لَإِبْرَاهِيمَ ﴿٨٣﴾ إِذْ جَاءَ رَبَّهُ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ

“And indeed, among his kind was Abraham, When he came to his Lord with a sound heart/uncorrupt mind…”
[Al-Quran Surah 37: Verse 83-84]

THE ACTIVE PARTICLE ‘SAALIM’


The active participle saalim (سالِم) means ‘safe and sound’’, or safe and well’.


خَاشِعَةً أَبْصَارُهُمْ تَرْهَقُهُمْ ذِلَّةٌ ۖ وَقَدْ كَانُوا يُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ وَهُمْ سَالِمُونَ

Their eyes humbled, humiliation will cover them. And they used to be invited to prostration while they were sound and well.
[Al-Quran Surah 68: Verse 43]

THE WORD ‘SILM’


The noun silm (سِلم) means: the state/mode/fold of islam (submission)(اِسلام). The proper noun As-silm refers to the state of complete submission (Al-Islam) to Allah’s Will/Command.


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

“O you who have believed, enter into state/mode/fold of Al-Islam completely and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy”
[Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 208]

THE WORD ‘SALM’


Salm (سَلم) means peace or truce, or the absence/end of war (حرب).


وَإِن جَنَحُوا لِلسَّلْمِ فَاجْنَحْ لَهَا وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّـهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

“And if they incline to peace, then incline to it [also] and rely upon Allah. Indeed, it is He who is the Hearing, the Knowing.”
[Al-Quran Surah 8: Verse 61]

فَلَا تَهِنُوا وَتَدْعُوا إِلَى السَّلْمِ وَأَنتُمُ الْأَعْلَوْنَ وَاللَّـهُ مَعَكُمْ وَلَن يَتِرَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ

“Therefore, slacken not, nor call towards truce (by yourself); and it is you who will be the dominating, while Allah is with you, and He will never let your actions go in vain.”
[Al-Quran Surah 47: Verse 35]

THE WORD ‘SALAM’


Salam (سَلَم) means peace (treaty) or submission.


فَإِنِ اعْتَزَلُوكُمْ فَلَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ وَأَلْقَوْا إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَمَ فَمَا جَعَلَ اللَّـهُ لَكُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ سَبِيلًا

“…therefore, if they withdraw from you and do not fight you and offer you peace (treaty), then Allah has not given you a way against them.”
[Al-Quran Surah 4: Verse 90]

فَإِن لَّمْ يَعْتَزِلُوكُمْ وَيُلْقُوا إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَمَ وَيَكُفُّوا أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَخُذُوهُمْ وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ ثَقِفْتُمُوهُمْ

So if they do not withdraw from you or offer you peace or restrain their hands, then seize them and kill them wherever you contend them.
[Al-Quran Surah 4: Verse 91]

وَأَلْقَوْا إِلَى اللَّـهِ يَوْمَئِذٍ السَّلَمَ

“And they shall tender submission to Allah on that day”
[Al-Quran Surah 16: Verse 87]

THE WORD ‘SALAM(AN)’


Salam(an) (سَلَمًا) means completely or wholly.


ضَرَبَ اللَّـهُ مَثَلًا رَّجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَاءُ مُتَشَاكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِّرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا ۚ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّـهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

“Allah sets forth an example: There is a slave in whom are (several) partners differing with one another, and there is another slave wholly owned by one man. Are the two alike in condition? (All) praise is due to Allah. Nay! most of them do not know.”
[Al-Quran Surah 39: Verse 29]

THE WORD ‘SULLAM’
Sullam (سُلَّم) means ladder, staircase, stairway, upon which one ascends (desiring or hoping for safety). It also means ‘a means to a thing’ [Lane’s lexicon].


وَإِن كَانَ كَبُرَ عَلَيْكَ إِعْرَاضُهُمْ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَن تَبْتَغِيَ نَفَقًا فِي الْأَرْضِ أَوْ سُلَّمًا فِي السَّمَاءِ فَتَأْتِيَهُم بِآيَةٍ

And if their evasion is difficult for you, then if you are able to seek a tunnel into the earth or a stairway into the sky to bring them a sign, [then do so]…
[Al-Quran Surah 6: Verse 35]

أَمْ لَهُمْ سُلَّمٌ يَسْتَمِعُونَ فِيهِ ۖ فَلْيَأْتِ مُسْتَمِعُهُم بِسُلْطَانٍ مُّبِينٍ

Or have they a stairway [into the heaven][or any means] through which they listen? Then let their listener produce a clear authority.
[Al-Quran Surah 52: Verse 38]

THE WORD ‘MUSALLAMA’


Musallama (مُسَلَّمۃ) means unimpaired, intact, unblemished, flawless, acceptable.


قَالَ إِنَّهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّهَا بَقَرَةٌ لَّا ذَلُولٌ تُثِيرُ الْأَرْضَ وَلَا تَسْقِي الْحَرْثَ مُسَلَّمَةٌ لَّا شِيَةَ فِيهَا

He said, “He says, ‘It is a cow neither trained to plow the earth nor to irrigate the field, one free from defect with no spot upon her.’ “
[Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 71]

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ أَن يَقْتُلَ مُؤْمِنًا إِلَّا خَطَأً ۚ وَمَن قَتَلَ مُؤْمِنًا خَطَأً فَتَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ مُّؤْمِنَةٍ وَدِيَةٌ مُّسَلَّمَةٌ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ إِلَّا أَن يَصَّدَّقُوا

And never is it for a believer to kill a believer except by mistake. And whoever kills a believer by mistake – then the freeing of a believing slave and an acceptable compensation to the deceased’s family [is required] unless they give [up their right as] charity.
[Al-Quran Surah 4: Verse 92]

VERB FORM II: SALLAMA
Verb form II: sallama (سَلَّمَ) {Related Verbal Noun: Tasleem (تسلیم)}
• To make or keep (someone) safe and sound, unharmed, unimpaired, secure, free from any evil, affliction, fault or defect.


إِذْ يُرِيكَهُمُ اللَّـهُ فِي مَنَامِكَ قَلِيلًا ۖ وَلَوْ أَرَاكَهُمْ كَثِيرًا لَّفَشِلْتُمْ وَلَتَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ وَلَـٰكِنَّ اللَّـهَ سَلَّمَ ۗ إِنَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ

“When Allah showed them to you in your dream as few; and if He had shown them to you as many you would certainly have become weak-hearted and you would have disputed about the matter, but Allah kept (you) safe and sound; surely He is the Knower of what is in the breasts”
[Al-Quran Surah 8: Verse 43]

• To greet someone with a wish or prayer for his safety and well-being; i.e. To wish, intend and act for the safety and well-being of someone;


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَدْخُلُوا بُيُوتًا غَيْرَ بُيُوتِكُمْ حَتَّىٰ تَسْتَأْنِسُوا وَتُسَلِّمُوا عَلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

“O you who believe! Do not enter houses other than your own houses until you have asked permission and greeted their inmates with a prayer of safety and well-being; this is better for you, that you may be mindful.”
[Al-Quran Surah 24: Verse 27]

• To accept a decision or ruling of an authority without any reservations or opposition.


فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّىٰ يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِّمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

“But nay, by thy Sustainer! They do not [really] believe unless they make thee [O Prophet] a judge of all on which they disagree among themselves, and then find in their hearts no bar to what you have judged and they accept your decision/ruling completely without any reservation or opposition.”
[Al-Quran Surah 4: Verse 65]

إِنَّ اللَّـهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

Surely, Allah and His Malaika bestow blessing & support to the Prophet, O those who believe, confer blessing and support upon him, and give yourself up [to his authority] in utter surrender [by accepting his decisions without any reservation or opposition].
[Al-Quran Surah 33: Verse 56]

To hand-over, deliver or pay in advance; to assure safety (of something)


وَإِنْ أَرَدتُّمْ أَن تَسْتَرْضِعُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذَا سَلَّمْتُم مَّا آتَيْتُم بِالْمَعْرُوفِ

“…and if you wish to engage a wet-nurse for your children, there is no blame on you when you pay what you agree to, in a fair manner…”
[Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 233]

An alternative translation of the above verse is as follows:


“…and if you wish to engage a wet-nurse for your children, there is no blame on you when you ensure safety of (the child) that you hand over, in a fair manner…”
[Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 233]

THE VERBAL NOUN ‘TASLEEM’
The verbal noun tasleem (تسلیم) [from verb form II (sallama)(سَلَّمَ)] , means acceptance of decision of an authority without any reservation or opposition.


فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّىٰ يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِّمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

“But nay, by thy Sustainer! They do not [really] believe unless they make thee [O Prophet] a judge of all on which they disagree among themselves, and then find in their hearts no bar to what you have judged and they accept your decision/ruling completely without any reservation or opposition.”
[Al-Quran Surah 4: Verse 65]

وَلَمَّا رَأَى الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْأَحْزَابَ قَالُوا هَـٰذَا مَا وَعَدَنَا اللَّـهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَصَدَقَ اللَّـهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ۚ وَمَا زَادَهُمْ إِلَّا إِيمَانًا وَتَسْلِيمًا

And when the believers saw the Confederates, they said, “This is what Allah and His Messenger had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger spoke the truth.” And it increased them only in faith and acceptance.
[Al-Quran Surah 33: Verse 22]

VERB FORM III: SAALAMA
Verb Form III: Saalama (سالَمَ) {Related verbal noun: musaalma (مسالمہ)}
To make peace, or become at peace (with someone);
To (oneself) reconcile (with someone) {implying mutual concession, or a compromise}.

VERB FORM IV: ASLAMA

Verb Form IV: Aslama (اَسلَمَ) {Related verbal noun: Islam (اِسلام)}
• To resign, or submit (oneself)(لِ)(to some authority);
• To enter into a state of resignation or submission;
• To yield oneself to the authority or will of someone;
• To consent or commit to abide by the authority of someone;
• To become a Muslim
• To keep safe and sound, or to attain safety, security and well-being by submitting oneself (to an authority(
• To deliver or surrender (something, ہ) (to someone, اِلی)

بَلَىٰ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ وَجْهَهُ لِلَّـهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ فَلَهُ أَجْرُهُ عِندَ رَبِّهِ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

“Nay,-whoever has submitted himself to Allah and is a doer of good,- He will get his reward with his Lord; on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.”
[Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 112]

وَمَن يُسْلِمْ وَجْهَهُ إِلَى اللَّـهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ

And whoever submits/surrenders himself to Allah and he is a doer of good – then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold.
[Al-Quran Surah 31: Verse 22]

إِذْ قَالَ لَهُ رَبُّهُ أَسْلِمْ ۖ قَالَ أَسْلَمْتُ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

When his Lord/Sustainer said to him, “Submit”, he said “I have submitted to the Lord/Sustainer of the worlds.”
[Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 31]

فَإِنْ حَاجُّوكَ فَقُلْ أَسْلَمْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّـهِ وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَنِ ۗ وَقُل لِّلَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ وَالْأُمِّيِّينَ أَأَسْلَمْتُمْ ۚ فَإِنْ أَسْلَمُوا فَقَدِ اهْتَدَوا ۖ وَّإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْكَ الْبَلَاغُ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ بَصِيرٌ بِالْعِبَادِ

So if they argue with you, say, “I have submitted myself to Allah, and [so have] those who follow me.” And say to those who were given the Scripture and [to] those who were not, “Have you submitted yourselves?” And if they submit, they are rightly guided; but if they turn away – then upon you is only the [duty of] delivering the message. And Allah is Seeing of [His] servants.
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 20]

أَفَغَيْرَ دِينِ اللَّـهِ يَبْغُونَ وَلَهُ أَسْلَمَ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ طَوْعًا وَكَرْهًا وَإِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُونَ

So is it other than Allah’s Law/Prescribed Way of Life they desire, while to Him have submitted [all] those within the heavens and earth, willingly or by compulsion, and to Him they will be returned?
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 83]

وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ دِينًا مِّمَّنْ أَسْلَمَ وَجْهَهُ لِلَّـهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ وَاتَّبَعَ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا ۗ وَاتَّخَذَ اللَّـهُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلًا

And who is better in a way of life than the one who submitted himself to Allah while being a doer of good and followed the creed of Abraham, inclining toward truth & turning away from all that is false? And Allah took Abraham as an intimate friend.
[Al-Quran Surah 4: Verse 125]

إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَا التَّوْرَاةَ فِيهَا هُدًى وَنُورٌ ۚ يَحْكُمُ بِهَا النَّبِيُّونَ الَّذِينَ أَسْلَمُوا لِلَّذِينَ هَادُوا وَالرَّبَّانِيُّونَ وَالْأَحْبَارُ بِمَا اسْتُحْفِظُوا مِن كِتَابِ اللَّـهِ وَكَانُوا عَلَيْهِ شُهَدَاءَ ۚ فَلَا تَخْشَوُا النَّاسَ وَاخْشَوْنِ وَلَا تَشْتَرُوا بِآيَاتِي ثَمَنًا قَلِيلًا ۚ وَمَن لَّمْ يَحْكُم بِمَا أَنزَلَ اللَّـهُ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ

Indeed, We sent down the Torah, in which was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted [to Allah] judged by it for the Jews, as did the rabbis and scholars by that with which they were entrusted of the Scripture of Allah, and they were witnesses thereto. So do not fear the people but fear Me, and do not exchange My verses for a small price. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the disbelievers.
[Al-Quran Surah 5: Verse 44]

قُلْ أَغَيْرَ اللَّـهِ أَتَّخِذُ وَلِيًّا فَاطِرِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَهُوَ يُطْعِمُ وَلَا يُطْعَمُ ۗ قُلْ إِنِّي أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ ۖ وَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Say, “Is it other than Allah I should take as a protector, Creator of the heavens and the earth, while it is He who feeds and is not fed?” Say, [O Muhammad], “Indeed, I have been commanded to be the first [among you] who submit [to Allah] and [was commanded], ‘Do not ever be of the polytheists.’ “
[Al-Quran Surah 6: Verse 14]

قُلْ إِنَّ هُدَى اللَّـهِ هُوَ الْهُدَىٰ ۖ وَأُمِرْنَا لِنُسْلِمَ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Say, “Indeed, the guidance of Allah is the [only real] guidance; and we have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.”
[Al-Quran Surah 6: Verse 71]

وَاللَّـهُ جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّمَّا خَلَقَ ظِلَالًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنَ الْجِبَالِ أَكْنَانًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُمْ سَرَابِيلَ تَقِيكُمُ الْحَرَّ وَسَرَابِيلَ تَقِيكُم بَأْسَكُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يُتِمُّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُسْلِمُونَ

And Allah has made for you, from that which He has created, shadows and has made for you from the mountains, shelters and has made for you garments which protect you from the heat and garments which protect you from your [enemy in] battle. Thus does He complete His favor upon you that you might submit [to Him].
[Al-Quran Surah 16: Verse 81]

فَإِلَـٰهُكُمْ إِلَـٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَلَهُ أَسْلِمُوا

For your God is one God, so to Him submit.
[Al-Quran Surah 22: Verse 34]

وَأَنِيبُوا إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَأَسْلِمُوا لَهُ مِن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِيَكُمُ الْعَذَابُ ثُمَّ لَا تُنصَرُونَ

And return to your Lord and submit to Him before the punishment comes upon you; then you will not be helped.
[Al-Quran Surah 39: Verse 54]

قُلْ إِنِّي نُهِيتُ أَنْ أَعْبُدَ الَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ لَمَّا جَاءَنِيَ الْبَيِّنَاتُ مِن رَّبِّي وَأُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُسْلِمَ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Say, [O Muhammad], “Indeed, I have been forbidden to worship those you call upon besides Allah once the clear proofs have come to me from my Lord, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.”
[Al-Quran Surah 40: Verse 66]

قَالَتِ الْأَعْرَابُ آمَنَّا ۖ قُل لَّمْ تُؤْمِنُوا وَلَـٰكِن قُولُوا أَسْلَمْنَا وَلَمَّا يَدْخُلِ الْإِيمَانُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ ۖ وَإِن تُطِيعُوا اللَّـهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لَا يَلِتْكُم مِّنْ أَعْمَالِكُمْ شَيْئًا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

The bedouins say, “We have believed.” Say, “You have not [yet] believed; but say [instead], ‘We have submitted,’ and the faith has not yet entered your hearts. And if you obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not deprive you from your deeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”
[Al-Quran Surah 49: Verse 14]

يَمُنُّونَ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ أَسْلَمُوا ۖ قُل لَّا تَمُنُّوا عَلَيَّ إِسْلَامَكُم ۖ بَلِ اللَّـهُ يَمُنُّ عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْ هَدَاكُمْ لِلْإِيمَانِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

They consider it a favor to you that they have submitted (or accepted Islam). Say, “Do not consider your Islam a favor to me. Rather, Allah has conferred favor upon you that He has guided you to the faith, if you are truthful.”
[Al-Quran Surah 49: Verse 17]

وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَمِنَّا الْقَاسِطُونَ ۖ فَمَنْ أَسْلَمَ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ تَحَرَّوْا رَشَدًا

And among us are Muslims [in submission to Allah], and among us are those of deviate from the right course. And whoever has become Muslim – those have sought out the right course.
[Al-Quran Surah 72: Verse 14]

THE VERBAL NOUN ‘ISLAAM’
The verbal noun islaam (اِسلام) [from the verb form IV (aslama)(اَسلَمَ)] , means, ‘submission’ (i.e. yielding to the law, command, power or control of an authority); resignation; surrender; accepting someone’s sovereignty and authority.
As a Proper Noun, the word Al-Islaam refers to ‘Submission to Allah’s Will, Authority, Laws and Commands’.

إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِندَ اللَّـهِ الْإِسْلَامُ

Surely, the (true) Way of life in the sight of Allah, is Al-Islam, (i.e. the Submission) (to His Authority, Will, Laws & Commands)
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 19]

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

And whoever seeks other than Al-Islam as a way of life – never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 85]

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا

This day I have perfected for you your way of life and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Al-Islam as a way of life.
[Al-Quran Surah 5: Verse 3]

فَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّـهُ أَن يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ

So, whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He makes his heart&mind wide open for Al-Islam
[Al-Quran Surah 6: Verse 125]

أَفَمَن شَرَحَ اللَّـهُ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ فَهُوَ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ مِّن رَّبِّهِ ۚ فَوَيْلٌ لِّلْقَاسِيَةِ قُلُوبُهُم مِّن ذِكْرِ اللَّـهِ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

So is one whose heart&mind Allah has expanded to [accept] Al-Islam and he is upon a light from his Lord [like one whose heart rejects it]? Then woe to those whose hearts are hardened against the remembrance of Allah. Those are in manifest error.
[Al-Quran Surah 39: Verse 22]

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَىٰ عَلَى اللَّـهِ الْكَذِبَ وَهُوَ يُدْعَىٰ إِلَى الْإِسْلَامِ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

And who is more unjust than one who invents about Allah untruth while he is being invited to Al-Islam. And Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.
[Al-Quran Surah 61: Verse 7]

يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّـهِ مَا قَالُوا وَلَقَدْ قَالُوا كَلِمَةَ الْكُفْرِ وَكَفَرُوا بَعْدَ إِسْلَامِهِمْ

They swear by Allah that they did not say [anything against the Prophet] while they had said the word of disbelief and disbelieved after their [pretense of] Islam
[Al-Quran Surah 9: Verse 74]

يَمُنُّونَ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ أَسْلَمُوا ۖ قُل لَّا تَمُنُّوا عَلَيَّ إِسْلَامَكُم ۖ بَلِ اللَّـهُ يَمُنُّ عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْ هَدَاكُمْ لِلْإِيمَانِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

They consider it a favor to you that they have submitted (or accepted Islam). Say, “Do not consider your Islam a favor to me. Rather, Allah has conferred favor upon you that He has guided you to the faith, if you should be truthful.”
[Al-Quran Surah 49: Verse 17]

THE WORD ‘MUSLIM’
The word ‘Muslim’ (مُسلِم) is active participle for the verb form IV (aslama)(اَسلَمَ), its dual is muslimaini, and plural forms are muslimoon and muslimeen.
Those who submit, surrender or yield are called muslimoon (مُسلمون) or muslimeen (مُسلمین) (singular: muslim) (مُسْلِم).
aslama lillahi (اَسلَمَ لِلّہِ) means to declare oneself committed to the Will, Laws and Commands of God.
The Quran mentions an account of a letter of King Solomon to the Queen of Sheba, in which the King says to the Queen to come to him in submission and do not rise up against him.


أَلَّا تَعْلُوا عَلَيَّ وَأْتُونِي مُسْلِمِينَ

“Do not rise up against me, but come to me in submission.”´
[Al-Quran Surah 27: Verse 31]

قَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا الْمَلَأُ أَيُّكُمْ يَأْتِينِي بِعَرْشِهَا قَبْلَ أَن يَأْتُونِي مُسْلِمِينَ

[Solomon] said, “O assembly [of nobles], which of you will bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?”
[Al-Quran Surah 27: Verse 38]

فَلَمَّا جَاءَتْ قِيلَ أَهَـٰكَذَا عَرْشُكِ ۖ قَالَتْ كَأَنَّهُ هُوَ ۚ وَأُوتِينَا الْعِلْمَ مِن قَبْلِهَا وَكُنَّا مُسْلِمِينَ ﴿٤٢﴾
وَصَدَّهَا مَا كَانَت تَّعْبُدُ مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ ۖ إِنَّهَا كَانَتْ مِن قَوْمٍ كَافِرِينَ ﴿٤٣﴾
قِيلَ لَهَا ادْخُلِي الصَّرْحَ ۖ فَلَمَّا رَأَتْهُ حَسِبَتْهُ لُجَّةً وَكَشَفَتْ عَن سَاقَيْهَا ۚ قَالَ إِنَّهُ صَرْحٌ مُّمَرَّدٌ مِّن قَوَارِيرَ ۗ قَالَتْ رَبِّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي وَأَسْلَمْتُ مَعَ سُلَيْمَانَ لِلَّـهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ﴿٤٤﴾

When the Queen arrived, she was asked: “Is your throne like this one?” She said: “It seems as if it is the same. We had already come to know this and we had submitted ourselves.” What prevented her (from accepting the True Faith) was her worshipping deities other than Allah, for she belonged to an unbelieving people. She was told: “Enter the palace.” But when she saw it, she thought it was a pool of water and she bared both her calves (to enter into it). Solomon said: “This is a slippery floor of crystal.” Thereupon she cried out: “My Lord, I have been inflicting much wrong on myself. Now I submit myself with Solomon to Allah, the Lord of the whole Universe.”
[Al-Quran Surah 27: Verse 42-44]

In the Quran, the word Al-Muslimeen has been used in contrast to Al-Mujrimeen.


أَفَنَجْعَلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ كَالْمُجْرِمِينَ

“Shall We, then, treat Al-Muslimeen like Al-Mujrimeen?”
[Al-Quran Surah 68: Verse 35]

A Mujrim, is the one who commits an act of disobedience or violates the Law or wrongfully exploits a situation or steals the fruit of others’ labour.

In Surah 72: Verse 14, the word Al-Muslimoon has been used in contrast to Al-Qasitoon. Al-Qasitoon are those who deviate from the right course (At-Tareeqah); who act unjustly, injuriously, wrongfully or tyrannically. But Al-Muslimoon are those who take an unwavering stand on the Right Course prescribed by the Almighty.


وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَمِنَّا الْقَاسِطُونَ فَمَنْ أَسْلَمَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ تَحَرَّوْا رَشَدًا

“And among us are Al-Muslimoon, and among us are Al-Qasitoon. And whoever has become Muslim – it is they who have sought out the right course.”
[Al-Quran Surah 72: Verse 14]

The verb form ‘aslamoo’ (اَسلمُو) has been used in contrast with the verb form ‘tawallow’ (تَوَلَّو) which means ‘to turn away; to wander off; or to go one’s own way.

فَإِنْ أَسْلَمُوا فَقَدِ اهْتَدَوا وَّإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْكَ الْبَلَاغُ

“And, if they submit (to Allah’s Command), then they have truly achieved guidance. But if they turn away, your responsibility is only to deliver (the command).“
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 20]

وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
رَبَّنَا وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِنَا أُمَّةً مُّسْلِمَةً لَّكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ

And [remember] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing.
Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.
[Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 127-128]

مَا كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ يَهُودِيًّا وَلَا نَصْرَانِيًّا وَلَـٰكِن كَانَ حَنِيفًا مُّسْلِمًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim [submitting to Allah]. And he was not of the polytheists.
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 67]

إِذْ قَالَ لَهُ رَبُّهُ أَسْلِمْ ۖ قَالَ أَسْلَمْتُ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
وَوَصَّىٰ بِهَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بَنِيهِ وَيَعْقُوبُ يَا بَنِيَّ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ اصْطَفَىٰ لَكُمُ الدِّينَ فَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ
أَمْ كُنتُمْ شُهَدَاءَ إِذْ حَضَرَ يَعْقُوبَ الْمَوْتُ إِذْ قَالَ لِبَنِيهِ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن بَعْدِي قَالُوا نَعْبُدُ إِلَـٰهَكَ وَإِلَـٰهَ آبَائِكَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ إِلَـٰهًا وَاحِدًا وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

When his Lord said to him, “Submit”, he said “I have submitted [in Islam] to the Lord of the worlds.” And Abraham instructed his sons [to do the same] and [so did] Jacob, [saying], “O my sons, indeed Allah has chosen for you this religion, so do not die except while you are Muslims.”
Or were you witnesses when death approached Jacob, when he said to his sons, “What will you worship after me?” They said, “We will worship/serve/submissively obey your God and the God of your fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac – one God. And we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.”
[Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 131-133]

قُولُوا آمَنَّا بِاللَّـهِ وَمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَمَا أُوتِيَ النَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

Say, [O believers], “We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.”
[Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 136]

قُلْ آمَنَّا بِاللَّـهِ وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَالنَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ
وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

Say: ‘We believe in Allah and what was revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and to Issac and Jacob and his descendents, and the teachings which Allah gave to Moses and Jesus and to other Prophets. We make no distinction between any of them and to Him do we submit. And whoever seeks other than Al-Islam as a way of life – never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 84-85]

فَلَمَّا أَحَسَّ عِيسَىٰ مِنْهُمُ الْكُفْرَ قَالَ مَنْ أَنصَارِي إِلَى اللَّـهِ ۖ قَالَ الْحَوَارِيُّونَ نَحْنُ أَنصَارُ اللَّـهِ آمَنَّا بِاللَّـهِ وَاشْهَدْ بِأَنَّا مُسْلِمُونَ

But when Jesus felt [persistence in] disbelief from them, he said, “Who are my supporters for [the cause of] Allah?” The disciples said, “We are supporters for Allah. We have believed in Allah and testify that we are Muslims [submitting to Him].
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 52]

قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ تَعَالَوْا إِلَىٰ كَلِمَةٍ سَوَاءٍ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمْ أَلَّا نَعْبُدَ إِلَّا اللَّـهَ وَلَا نُشْرِكَ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعْضُنَا بَعْضًا أَرْبَابًا مِّن دُونِ اللَّـهِ ۚ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَقُولُوا اشْهَدُوا بِأَنَّا مُسْلِمُونَ

Say, “O People of the Scripture, come to a word that is equitable between us and you – that we will not worship except Allah and not associate anything with Him and not take one another as lords instead of Allah.” But if they turn away, then say, “Bear witness that we are Muslims [submitting to Him].”
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 64]

مَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُؤْتِيَهُ اللَّـهُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحُكْمَ وَالنُّبُوَّةَ ثُمَّ يَقُولَ لِلنَّاسِ كُونُوا عِبَادًا لِّي مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ وَلَـٰكِن كُونُوا رَبَّانِيِّينَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تُعَلِّمُونَ الْكِتَابَ وَبِمَا كُنتُمْ تَدْرُسُونَ
وَلَا يَأْمُرَكُمْ أَن تَتَّخِذُوا الْمَلَائِكَةَ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ أَرْبَابًا ۗ أَيَأْمُرُكُم بِالْكُفْرِ بَعْدَ إِذْ أَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

It does not befit a man that Allah should grant him His Book and sound judgement and prophet-hood, and thereafter he should say to men: ‘Become servants to me apart from Allah.’ He would rather say: ‘Become dedicated men of Allah, in accord with the dictates of the Book you have been teaching and studying.’ He will never enjoin you to take the angels or Prophets for your lords. Will he enjoin upon you unbelief when you have become Muslims?
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 79-80]

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ
وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِحَبْلِ اللَّـهِ جَمِيعًا وَلَا تَفَرَّقُوا

O you who have become believers! Be conscious of Allah with all the consciousness that is due to Him, and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him]…
And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided (into sects).
[Al-Quran Surah 3: Verse 102-103]

وَإِذْ أَوْحَيْتُ إِلَى الْحَوَارِيِّينَ أَنْ آمِنُوا بِي وَبِرَسُولِي قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَاشْهَدْ بِأَنَّنَا مُسْلِمُونَ

And [remember] when I inspired to the disciples, “Believe in Me and in My messenger [Jesus].” They said, “We have believed, so bear witness that indeed we are Muslims [in submission to Allah].”
[Al-Quran Surah 5: Verse 111]

In the story of Pharaoh’s Magicians, the Quran says:


وَمَا تَنقِمُ مِنَّا إِلَّا أَنْ آمَنَّا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّنَا لَمَّا جَاءَتْنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَتَوَفَّنَا مُسْلِمِينَ

And you do not resent us except because we believed in the signs of our Lord when they came to us. Our Lord, pour upon us patience and let us die as Muslims [in submission to You].”
[Al-Quran Surah 7: Verse 126]

وَقَالَ مُوسَىٰ يَا قَوْمِ إِن كُنتُمْ آمَنتُم بِاللَّـهِ فَعَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلُوا إِن كُنتُم مُّسْلِمِينَ

And Moses said, “O my people, if you have believed in Allah, then rely upon Him, if you should be Muslims.”
[Al-Quran Surah 10: Verse 84]

فَإِلَّمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا لَكُمْ فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا أُنزِلَ بِعِلْمِ اللَّـهِ وَأَن لَّا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ فَهَلْ أَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

And if they do not respond to you – then know that the Qur’an was revealed with the knowledge of Allah and that there is no deity except Him. Then, would you [not] be Muslims?
[Al-Quran Surah 11: Verse 14]

رُّبَمَا يَوَدُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَوْ كَانُوا مُسْلِمِينَ

Perhaps those who disbelieve will wish that they had been Muslims.
[Al-Quran Surah 15: Verse 2]

Joseph’s prayer in the Quran:


رَبِّ قَدْ آتَيْتَنِي مِنَ الْمُلْكِ وَعَلَّمْتَنِي مِن تَأْوِيلِ الْأَحَادِيثِ ۚ فَاطِرَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ أَنتَ وَلِيِّي فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ۖ تَوَفَّنِي مُسْلِمًا وَأَلْحِقْنِي بِالصَّالِحِينَ

My Lord, You have given me [something] of sovereignty and taught me of the interpretation of dreams. Creator of the heavens and earth, You are my protector in this world and in the Hereafter. Cause me to die a Muslim and join me with the righteous.”
[Al-Quran Surah 12: Verse 101]

قُلْ إِنَّمَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَـٰهُكُمْ إِلَـٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۖ فَهَلْ أَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

Say, “It is only revealed to me that your god is but one God; so will you be Muslims [in submission to Him]?”
[Al-Quran Surah 21: Verse 108]

وَمَا أَنتَ بِهَادِي الْعُمْيِ عَن ضَلَالَتِهِمْ ۖ إِن تُسْمِعُ إِلَّا مَن يُؤْمِنُ بِآيَاتِنَا فَهُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

And you cannot guide the blind away from their error. You will only make hear those who believe in Our verses so they are Muslims [submitting to Allah].
[Al-Quran Surah 27: Verse 81]

وَمَا أَنتَ بِهَادِ الْعُمْيِ عَن ضَلَالَتِهِمْ ۖ إِن تُسْمِعُ إِلَّا مَن يُؤْمِنُ بِآيَاتِنَا فَهُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

And you cannot guide the blind away from their error. You will only make hear those who believe in Our verses so they are Muslims [in submission to Allah].
[Al-Quran Surah 30: Verse 53]

الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِهِ هُم بِهِ يُؤْمِنُونَ ﴿٥٢﴾
وَإِذَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِهِ إِنَّهُ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا مِن قَبْلِهِ مُسْلِمِينَ

Those to whom We gave the Scripture before it – they are believers in it.
And when it is recited to them, they say, “We have believed in it; indeed, it is the truth from our Lord. Indeed we were, [even] before it, Muslims [submitting to Allah].”
[Al-Quran Surah 28: Verse 52-53]

وَلَا تُجَادِلُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَقُولُوا آمَنَّا بِالَّذِي أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَأُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَإِلَـٰهُنَا وَإِلَـٰهُكُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

And do not argue with the People of the Scripture except in a way that is best, except for those who commit injustice among them, and say, “We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you. And our God and your God is one; and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.”
[Al-Quran Surah 29: Verse 46]

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِآيَاتِنَا وَكَانُوا مُسْلِمِينَ ﴿٦٩﴾
ادْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ أَنتُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُكُمْ تُحْبَرُونَ

[You] who believed in Our verses and were Muslims.
Enter Paradise, you and your kinds, delighted.”
[Al-Quran Surah 43: Verse 69-70]

قُلْ إِنَّ صَلَاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّـهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ ۖ وَبِذَٰلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

Say, “Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds. No partner has He. And this I have been commanded, and I am the first [among you] of the Muslims.”
[Al-Quran Surah 6: Verse 162-163]

In the story of the Prophet Noah, the Quran says:


وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ نُوحٍ إِذْ قَالَ لِقَوْمِهِ يَا قَوْمِ إِن كَانَ كَبُرَ عَلَيْكُم مَّقَامِي وَتَذْكِيرِي بِآيَاتِ اللَّـهِ فَعَلَى اللَّـهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ فَأَجْمِعُوا أَمْرَكُمْ وَشُرَكَاءَكُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَكُنْ أَمْرُكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ غُمَّةً ثُمَّ اقْضُوا إِلَيَّ وَلَا تُنظِرُونِ
فَإِن تَوَلَّيْتُمْ فَمَا سَأَلْتُكُم مِّنْ أَجْرٍ ۖ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَى اللَّـهِ ۖ وَأُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

And recite to them the news of Noah, when he said to his people, “O my people, if my residence and my reminding of the signs of Allah has become burdensome upon you – then I have relied upon Allah. So resolve upon your plan and [call upon] your associates. Then let not your plan be obscure to you. Then carry it out upon me and do not give me respite.
And if you turn away [from my advice] then no payment have I asked of you. My reward is only from Allah, and I have been commanded to be of the Muslims.”
[Al-Quran Surah 10: Verse 71-72]

In the Story of the Pharaoh, the Quran says:


وَجَاوَزْنَا بِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ وَجُنُودُهُ بَغْيًا وَعَدْوًا ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَدْرَكَهُ الْغَرَقُ قَالَ آمَنتُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا الَّذِي آمَنَتْ بِهِ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh and his soldiers pursued them in tyranny and enmity until, when drowning overtook him, he said, “I believe that there is no deity except that in whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of the Muslims.”
[Al-Quran Surah 10: Verse 90]

وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ تِبْيَانًا لِّكُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً وَبُشْرَىٰ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ

And We have sent down to you the Book as clarification for all things and as guidance and mercy and good tidings for the Muslims.
[Al-Quran Surah 16: Verse 89]


قُلْ نَزَّلَهُ رُوحُ الْقُدُسِ مِن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيُثَبِّتَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَهُدًى وَبُشْرَىٰ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ

Say, [O Muhammad], “The Pure Spirit has brought it down from your Lord in truth to make firm those who believe and as guidance and good tidings to the Muslims.”
[Al-Quran Surah 16: Verse 102]


إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْقَانِتِينَ وَالْقَانِتَاتِ وَالصَّادِقِينَ وَالصَّادِقَاتِ وَالصَّابِرِينَ وَالصَّابِرَاتِ وَالْخَاشِعِينَ وَالْخَاشِعَاتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ وَالذَّاكِرِينَ اللَّـهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّـهُ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

Indeed, the Muslim men and Muslim women, the believing men and believing women, the obedient men and obedient women, the truthful men and truthful women, the patient men and patient women, the humble men and humble women, the charitable men and charitable women, the fasting men and fasting women, the men who guard their private parts and the women who do so, and the men who remember Allah often and the women who do so – for them Allah has prepared forgiveness and a great reward.
[Al-Quran Surah 33: Verse 35]


وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ قَوْلًا مِّمَّن دَعَا إِلَى اللَّـهِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, “Indeed, I am of the Muslims.”
[Al-Quran Surah 41: Verse 33]

وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ إِحْسَانًا ۖ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ كُرْهًا وَوَضَعَتْهُ كُرْهًا ۖ وَحَمْلُهُ وَفِصَالُهُ ثَلَاثُونَ شَهْرًا ۚ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُ وَبَلَغَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً قَالَ رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَىٰ وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَصْلِحْ لِي فِي ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ إِنِّي تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَإِنِّي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

And We have enjoined upon man, to his parents, good treatment. His mother carried him with hardship and gave birth to him with hardship, and his gestation and weaning [period] is thirty months. [He grows] until, when he reaches maturity and reaches [the age of] forty years, he says, “My Lord, enable me to be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and to work righteousness of which You will approve and make righteous for me my offspring. Indeed, I have repented to You, and indeed, I am of the Muslims.”
[Al-Quran Surah 46: Verse 15]


وَجَاهِدُوا فِي اللَّـهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِ ۚ هُوَ اجْتَبَاكُمْ وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ ۚ مِّلَّةَ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۚ هُوَ سَمَّاكُمُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ مِن قَبْلُ وَفِي هَـٰذَا لِيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ شَهِيدًا عَلَيْكُمْ وَتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ

And strive for Allah with the striving due to Him. He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty. [It is] the religion of your father, Abraham. He (Allah) named you “Muslims” before [in former scriptures] and in this [revelation] that the Messenger may be a witness over you and you may be witnesses over the people…
[Al-Quran Surah 22: Verse 78]


إِنَّمَا أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَعْبُدَ رَبَّ هَـٰذِهِ الْبَلْدَةِ الَّذِي حَرَّمَهَا وَلَهُ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ ۖ وَأُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

[Say, O Muhammad], “I have only been commanded to worship the Lord of this city, who made it sacred and to whom [belongs] all things. And I am commanded to be of the Muslims [those who submit to Allah]
[Al-Quran Surah 27: Verse 91]


قُلْ إِنِّي أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَعْبُدَ اللَّـهَ مُخْلِصًا لَّهُ الدِّينَ
وَأُمِرْتُ لِأَنْ أَكُونَ أَوَّلَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ
قُلِ اللَّـهَ أَعْبُدُ مُخْلِصًا لَّهُ دِينِ
فَاعْبُدُوا مَا شِئْتُم مِّن دُونِهِ ۗ قُلْ إِنَّ الْخَاسِرِينَ الَّذِينَ خَسِرُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ وَأَهْلِيهِمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۗ أَلَا ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْخُسْرَانُ الْمُبِينُ

Say, [O Muhammad], “Indeed, I have been commanded to serve Allah, [being] sincere to Him in obedience.
And I have been commanded to be the first [among you] of the Muslims.”
Say, “Allah [alone] do I serve, sincere to Him in my obedience,
So worship whatever you will, besides Him. Say, “Indeed, the losers are the ones who will lose themselves and their families on the Day of Resurrection. Unquestionably, that is the manifest loss.”
[Al-Quran Surah 39: Verse 11-14]

Updated: February 26, 2019 — 1:35 am
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