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Category: Key Terms

Key terms of the Quran explained in a concise manner.

Ibada (عِبادۃ)

Ibada (عِبادۃ)

Download URDU Article “Concept of ‘Ibaada’ in the light of the Quran’  Dictionary meanings of the word ‘Abada عبد and its variants I ‘abada: to serve, worship or adore; to render religious service, worship or adoration; to obey; to obey with humility or submissiveness; to be or become a slave or in a state of slavery [LL, LA]; to do what is approved (by God) [LL]; to serve or worship (ه a god); to adore, venerate (ه someone, a god or a human being); to idolize…

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Sabr (صبر)

Sabr (صبر)

SABR has been described in the Quran as one of the great virtues of the believers What is SABR? SABR has the following meanings: Patience: the capacity to endure hardship, difficulty, or inconvenience with calmness, self-control and without complaint Forbearance: Tolerance and restraint in the face of provocation Composure: A calm or tranquil state of mind Equanimity: The quality of being calm and even-tempered Steadfastness: Quality of being, firmly loyal, unswerving and unchanging Firmness: determination and resolution Perseverance: Steady persistence in adhering to…

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Shukr (شُکر)

Shukr (شُکر)

SHUKR has the following common meanings: -To be thankful [for a benefit or benefits received] -To be grateful -To praise -To eulogise -To acknowledge beneficence and speak largely of it -To acknowledge beneficence of Allah and act in a manner incumbent upon us in rendering Him obedience and abstaining from His disobedience SHUKR has three main aspects when it is rendered by man to Allah: -Being humble, lowly or submissive [in heart and mind] -Praising, eulogising and acknowledging the beneficence of Allah…

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Tazkiya (تزکیہ)

Tazkiya (تزکیہ)

The word TAZKIYA [when applied to NAFS] has the following meanings: -Increase and augmentation [in goodness and righteousness] -Growth and development [in goodness and righteousness] -Personal development -Development of self [i.e. NAFS] -Self-actualization TAZKIYA is different from TAHAARAT, which is -Freedom from dirt, dust or filth -Freedom from evil or sins -Distance or remoteness from evil or sins TAHAARAT encompasses all the following aspects: Physical: Freedom from dirt, dust and filth/ cleanliness of body Mental: Freedom from evil and sinful thought; Freedom from wrong beliefs, prejudices, etc. Spiritual:…

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Hamd (حمد)

Hamd (حمد)

The word Hamd حمد has the following meanings/implications: 1. Praise, eulogy, commendation, admiration. حمد is different than مدح in that حمد is only of such acts as are volitional [see 3:188] and done by choice, and not are just accidental. For example, describing a pearl as clear and beautiful is not حمد but مدح because the beauty of a pearl is not because of the pearl’s will. The Creator of the pearl is worthy of all حمد. 2. It also embodies the idea of thankfulness. حمد is different from شكر in that شكر is only on account of favour received…

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Zikr or Dhikr (ذِکر)

Zikr or Dhikr (ذِکر)

The Quranic term ‘Zikr’ or ‘Dhikr’ has been used in the Quran in different meanings, including the following: 1.      REMEMBERANCE It includes: calling (something) to mind and keeping (something) in mind; being mindful of (something) and not neglect it; bearing (something) in mind and not forget it. أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ “Surely, peace and tranquility of the minds comes with the remembrance of Allah [i.e. by being heedful of His Commands in all walks of life]”. [Al-Quran Surah 13:…

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Taqwa (تقوی)

Taqwa (تقوی)

The root of the term TAQWA (تقوی) is W-Q-Y (و- ق- ی). The first form (I) of the verb (وقی) has the following meanings: To guard (something/someone) To preserve (something/someone) To take good care (of something/someone) To take precautionary measure (to protect something) To safeguard, shield, preserve, shelter or protect (someone) from (something) The term TAQWA (تقوی) is related to the 8th form (VIII) of the verb, which is ITTAQA (اِتّقی). This form of the verb implies the action of…

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