The Islamic Belief System

The Islamic Belief System

It is a belief that there is One and Only Originator of this universe[1] Who not only brought all the matter and energy into existence out of nothing but Who therefrom created innumerable types and forms of inanimate and animate objects[2]. He is All-Powerful[3] Who not only brings things into existence but also nourishes them, sustains them, maintains them, regularizes them and directs them from their earliest state to that of ultimate completion and perfection[4]. He has framed all the laws of nature under which things would assume various shapes and forms, and has determined the ratios and proportions in which various elements must combine with one another to result in various compounds and objects[5]. He has regularized different stages through which all things, including human beings must pass on the way to their completion and perfection[6], and also has made sure the creation of necessary provisions[7] for all the beings in the journey to their ultimate destination. He is Allah[8], the One and Only, Single, Unique, Absolutely Independent and Eternal. There is nothing like Him and nothing comparable to Him[9]. To Him belong all the Perfect Attributes[10].

It is a belief that Allah is the One Who created human beings[11], giving them freedom of choice in beliefs[12] and actions[13], and providing them all the necessary guidance for their life through His chosen Messengers, clearly distinguishing for them the right way from the way of error[14].  It is a belief that He sent His Messengers {including Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus (peace be upon all of them)} with His guidance[15], who modelled an exemplary behaviour for the people to emulate, and Muhammad (peace be upon him) was the Last of His Messengers[16] and the Holy Quran is the latest and the last version of His Guidance (encompassing all the essential and unadulterated elements of the Torah, the Bible or any other Divine Book)[17].

It is a belief that Allah is the One Who created entities called Malaika, who put into effect His laws, plans, programs and schemes in the universe[18], and some of them act as a means of communicating His Guidance to His Chosen Messengers[19].

It is a belief that one day, Allah will call all human beings to account[20], be it in this world or in the life after death. He is all-powerful and all-capable to bring the death back to life[21] as He was capable to originally bring things into existence out of nothing. It is a belief that those who lead life according to His guidance will ultimately have a paradisiacal life and those who live contrary to his guidance will end up in hell[22]. And it is a belief that mankind can fulfil its physical, mental and spiritual potentials best by following a way of life that is in accordance with His Laws and Guidance[23].


[1] Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 117; Surah 6: Verse 101; Al-BadeeAAu means ‘the Originator’ [Ref. Lane’s Arabic English Lexicon]

[2] Al-Quran Surah 6: Verse 102; Surah 13: Verse 16; Surah 39: Verse 62; Surah 40: Verse 62

[3] Al-Quran Surah 17: Verse 99 (Qadir) Surah 18: Verse 45 (Muqtadir); Surah 67: Verse 1 (Qadeer)

[4] Al-Quran Surah 1: Verse 2. Allah’s attribute ‘Rabb’ encompasses all the given characteristics [Ref. Lane’s Arabic English Lexicon; Abdul Mannan Omer’s Dictionary of the Holy Quran]

[5] Al-Quran Surah 54: Verse 49; Surah 13: Verse 8; Surah 65: Verse 3; Surah 25: Verse 2

[6] Al-Quran Surah 23: Verses 12-16; Surah 39: Verse 6; Surah 84: Verse 19

[7] Al-Quran Surah 29:60; Surah 11: Verse 6

[8] Whose overall sovereignty or lordship should be accepted; whose laws and directions should be obeyed and followed; to Whom one should look for protection in bewilderment; and from Whose grandeur one should be humbled.

[9] Al-Quran Surah 112: Verses 1-4; Surah 42: Verse 11

[10] Al-Quran Surah 59: Verse 24

[11] Al-Quran Surah 55: Verse 3

[12] Al-Quran Surah 18: Verse 29

[13] Al-Quran Surah 41: Verse 40

[14] Al-Quran Surah 2: Verse 256

[15] Al-Quran Surah 57: Verse 25

[16] Al-Quran Surah 33: Verse 40

[17] Al-Quran Surah 5: Verse 48

[18] Al-Quran Surah 79: Verse 5

[19] Al-Quran Surah 35: Verse 1

[20] Al-Quran Surah 2:284; Surah 21: Verse 47; Surah 23: Verses 102-103

[21] Al-Quran Surah 22: Verses 5,7; Surah 23: Verse 16; Surah 58: Verse 6

[22] Al-Quran Surah 101: Verses 6-9

[23] Al-Quran Surah 22: Verse 77; Surah 87: Verse 14; Surah 91: Verse 9; Surah 7: Verse 157

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